Frequency Stability Measurement Description

Frequency Stability Measurement Description

Last updated: December 3, 2008


How is a Frequency Stability measurement made?

The Frequency Stability measurement displays the frequency of an RF signal applied to the test set's front panel RF IN/OUT input port. After each measurement the input signal's absolute RF freqency is displayed with 1000 Hz resolution on the test set's front panel and 1 Hz resolution when queried over the GPIB.

The absolute RF signal frequency obtained during each Frequency Stability measurement is compared to the expected (measurement downconverter) frequency of the test set's measuring receiver. The difference between the expected frequency and the measured frequency is displayed as frequency error with 1 Hz resolution.

Frequency Stability Measurement

If the device under test is a mobile station on a call, the expected frequency can be automatically set by the base station emulator (using the RF Channel setting).

If the device under test is not on a call, the expected frequency must be set by manually controlling the receiver (manual measurement frequency).

Operating Considerations

Front Panel Access

Frequency Stability measurements are accessed manually by pressing the front-panel Measurement selection key.

In some test set applications it is necessary to select an analog System Type (for example, AMPS) or an analog Operating Mode (for example, AVC Test or CW) to access the Frequency Stability measurement.


Input Signal Requirements

The Frequency Stability measurement is designed to measure non-bursted analog signals. For example, this measurement can be made on an AMPS cellular mobile station while it is on an active AVC (analog voice channel) with or without SAT or other frequency modulation. It is not desiged to measure AM (amplitude modulated) signals.

When a mobile station is on a call, the test set has the ability to predict the power level and frequency that is present on the RF input and automatically adjust attenuator and measurement downconverter settings. However, for test operating modes or CW (continuous wave) the test set is not functioning as a base station emulator. In the absence of call control, it is likely that the test set's receiver will need to be manually tuned to the input signal.

To meet Frequency Stability measurement performance specifications, the input signal must be:

  • Within the frequency interval 293 MHz to 2.7 GHz.
  • Within 200 kHz of the expected frequency.
  • Greater than -30 dBm.
  • Within 3 dB of the expected power.
  • Within an FM index of three (if FM is applied).
  • Within 100 Hz and 15 kHz modulating frequency (if FM is applied).

Multi-measurement Use

When multi-measurement count is turned on during a Frequency Stability measurement, the test set returns statistical data acquired over a number of measurements, including the worst case frequency error, in ppm (parts per million).

Frequency Stability Measurement With Multi-measurements

Related Topics

Programming a Frequency Stability Measurement

Frequency Stability Measurement Troubleshooting

Statistical Measurement Results

Measurement Timeouts

Test Adherence to Standards